The juice obtained from the substance inside the leaves of aloe barbadensis Miller (aloe vera). It has a hydrating and soothing effect, and it is most commonly used in moisturizing products and sunscreens.
Aloe Vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed succulent plant which only grows to 80-100 cm (31-40 in) tall. The
leaves are lanceolate, thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with a serrated margin. The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm (35 in) tall, each flower pendulous, with a yellow tubular corolla 2-3 cm long.
Aloe Vera is relatively easy to care for in cultivation in frost-free climates. The species requires well-drained sandy potting soil and moderate light. It has a long history of cultivation throughout the drier tropical and subtropical regions of the world, both as an ornamental plant and for herbal medicine.
Aloe Vera is used externally to treat various skin conditions such as cuts, burns and eczema. Sap of Aloe vera eases pain
and reduces inflammation. Aloe Vera”s beneficial properties can be attributed to mucopolysaccharides present in the inner gel of the leaf, especially acemannan (acetylated mannans). Aloe Vera gel is useful for dry skin conditions, especially eczema around the eyes, and sensitive facial skin. An article published by the British Journal of General
Practice suggests that Aloe Vera is effective in treating athlete’s foot.
Researchers at the University of Miguel Hernandez in Alicante, Spain, have developed a tasteless, odorless and colorless gel based on Aloe Vera that prolongs the conservation of fresh produce, such as fresh fruit and legumes. This natural product is a safe and environmentally-friendly alternative to synthetic preservatives such as sulfur dioxide.